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Thousand Lake Mountain / Qian Hu Shan - Xiao Zhongdian, Yunnan



Xiao Zhongdian, Yunnan
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Editorial Review

July 26, 2005

Thousand Lake Mountain (pinyin: Qianhushan, chinese: 千湖山, tibetan: Lamudochu/"Lakes for the Goddess") is a great camping spot with views of both Haba and Yulong Mountains.

It's located in Xiao Zhongdian, Xianggelila County, Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, in the Jiang Xiang area. At an elevation of 3800-4200m, this alpine wetland spans a total area of 38,053 ha. It's the Yangtze River Basin's pristine forest, and an great spot to take in plateau lake vistas, as Thousand Lake Mountain is dotted with cool alpine lakes. Although it's not known for sure, the incomplete count has the number of lakes you can find at more than 100. Out of those, you may especially want to visit the "Ancient Blue Sky Pond (碧古天池)" and the "3 Blue Seas (三碧海)". The alpine forest lake landscape in these areas is unique.

Thousand Lake Mountain scenic area has a diverse, one-of-a-kind alpine ecosystem which has been so far has been left intact. You can find here Alpine meadows filled with Cuckoos, a unique fir tree forest. You can also find the rare Yellow Cuckoo, Black Neck Cranes, and other rare and precious flora and fauna in the area.

According to the Udvardy Bio-Geography System (1975), which was adopted by IUCN, Qianhushan Region is located in the Palearctic Realm - Southwest China Region (V) - Unit 39 (Sichuan-Yunnan Plateau) - Sub-Unit 39b (Southwest Sichuan). The eco-region is the transition area between Yunnan Plateau and Qinghai-Tibet Plateau with temperate conifer forest (Pinus densata, Pinus armandi) and sclerophyllous forest. The fauna in the sub-unit belongs to the oriental realm; however, many species of the palearctic realm can be found in the sub-unit.

Qianhushan Region is rich in both natural community and landscape. In the region can be seen an obvious altitudinal vegetation zonation with high biodiversity conservation significance. It has six kinds of different natural communities: alpine heath and meadow, rhododendron shrubs, fir forest, spruce forest, Quercus forest, and deciduous forest with birch as the dominant species (see Fig. 001). In 1981, a survey of vertebrates, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish, was performed in the region by the Kunming Institute of Zoology. Unfortunately the data on birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish have scattered into several publications instead of an integrated format, and the data on mammals have not been published in any form. Thus, we can only give a simple list of the most important wildlife species according to interviews with the villagers in Jisha Village (see Annex: Table 001). Animal and bird species are abundant, among them a large number of grade 1 and grade 2 national protected species. The conservation value of the Qianhushan area is thus beyond doubt.

* (machine translated)

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