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留尼汪


(Reunion Island)

☎ 电话: 262 • 人口:776948

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The Portuguese discovered this uninhabited island in 1513. From the 17th to the 19th centuries, French immigration, supplemented by influxes of Africans, Chinese, Malays, and Malabar Indians, gave the island its ethnic mix. The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 cost the island its importance as a stopover on the East Indies trade route. Reunion is located in Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar

It has an area of 2517 square kilometers, slightly smaller than the state of Rhode Island in the U.S. Its coastline is 207 km long.

The climate in Reunion is tropical, but temperature moderates with elevation; cool and dry from May to November, hot and rainy from November to April. Terrain is mostly rugged and mountainous; fertile lowlands along coast.

Highest point: Piton des Neiges at 3,069 m

Natural resources: fish, arable land, hydropower

Natural hazards: periodic, devastating cyclones (December to April); Piton de la Fournaise on the southeastern coast is an active volcano

This mountainous, volcanic island has an active volcano, Piton de la Fournaise; there is a tropical cyclone center at Saint-Denis, which is the monitoring station for the whole of the Indian Ocean

Ethnic groups: French, African, Malagasy, Chinese, Pakistani, Indian

Religions: Roman Catholic 86%, Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist (1995)

Languages: French (official), Creole widely used

Reunion was formerly known as Bourbon Island. It is an overseas department of France.

Reunion's economy has traditionally been based on agriculture, but services now dominate. Sugarcane has been the primary crop for more than a century, and in some years it accounts for 85% of exports. The government has been pushing the development of a tourist industry to relieve high unemployment, which amounts to one-third of the labor force. The gap in Reunion between the well-off and the poor is extraordinary and accounts for the persistent social tensions. The white and Indian communities are substantially better off than other segments of the population, often approaching European standards, whereas minority groups suffer the poverty and unemployment typical of the poorer nations of the African continent. The outbreak of severe rioting in February 1991 illustrates the seriousness of socioeconomic tensions. The economic well-being of Reunion depends heavily on continued financial assistance from France.

Reunion uses the Euro (EUR)

2005年8月13日

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